Accessibility Statement

The U-M Kellogg Eye Center is committed to ensuring that this website is accessible to the widest possible audience and strives to ensure its communications are accessible to people with special needs.

We welcome your comments and suggestions about this site's accessibility features. Please don’t hesitate to contact us.

Optimizing your set-up for your needs

Increase / Decrease Text Size

If the text on your screen is too small, you may be able to enlarge it. Instructions for adjusting font sizes on several different browsers are provided below.

Internet Explorer

  1. From the View menu, select "Text Size."
  2. From Text Size, choose from smallest, smaller, medium, larger, or largest.
    Medium is the default.

Firefox and Netscape

  1. From View menu, select Zoom
  2. From Zoom, select either Zoom In or Zoom Out to increase or decrease the text size.
  3. You can also use Ctrl with '+' to enlarge text, or Crtl with '-' to shrink it.
  4. To reset the font setting back to its default size, hold down the Ctrl key on your keyboard and then select the number 0.


  1. From Menu, select Zoom
  2. From Zoom, select from predefined percentage values. The default is 100%.
  3. To reset the font setting back to its default size, hold down the Ctrl key on your keyboard and then select the number 0.


More Ways to Make Your Computer Accessible

AbilityNet's My Computer My Way site offers a guide to making your computer accessible. It offers help with seeing the screen, using your keyboard and mouse, and with language and reading.

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Standards Compliance and Validation

We strive to make this website adhere to Level AA of the W3 Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG 2.0).

All pages on this site use XHTML 1.1 strict mark-up, validated using the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) validation service.

All pages use Cascading Style Sheets (CSS2) level 2.1 for presentation, validated using the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C's) CSS validation service.

All pages are checked in accordance with W3C and Section 508 guidelines and adhere/comply to these guidelines as far as possible.

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Compliance Exceptions

  1. ARIA document landmark roles have not been accepted as a standard. Currently, the W3C validator will flag the role attribute, but this “error” will not interfere with the functionality of the page.
  2. Eight Google map-based pages do not validate. Example: Interactive maps have static counterparts if Javascript is disabled.
  3. Subtitles and transcripts for the video and audio podcasts on the Kellogg website remain to be completed.

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Structural Markup

Web pages on include eight different areas:

  1. Skip links: visible on focus, allow users to skip to content, search, or navigation
  2. Header bar: Quick Links navigation, Section navigation, block M that links to the home page. There are four sections to this website: Patient Care, Education, Research, and About Kellogg.
  3. Sub-section navigation
  4. Left column: List of items in the sub-section followed by a search box
  5. Breadcrumb navigation
  6. Main content area
  7. Right column: Supplemental information
  8. Footer

When using a screen reader or when CSS (Cascading Styles Sheet) is not applied to a document, the eight areas are read in the above order.

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Navigation and Navigation Aids

  • All functionality is available through the keyboard
  • Document landmark roles
    • Banner: U-M Kellogg Eye Center logo and link to home page
    • Main: Main content
    • Search: Search
    • Navigation: Skip links, Quick Links, Section, Sub-section, Item List, Breadcrumb, Accessibility Support
    • Complimentary: Supplemental information
    • Contentinfo: Footer
  • The navigation landmark role is used to indicate navigation bars
  • Unique title on each web page using title and H1 element
  • All pages on this site use structured semantic markup. H1 tags are used for main titles, H2/H3/H4/H5 tags for subtitles. For example, on this page, JAWS users can skip to the next section within the accessibility statement by pressing ALT+INSERT+2.
  • Navigation menus are marked up as HTML lists and styled with CSS.
  • Forms have their labels explicitly associated with their controls, aiding users of certain screen readers and speech browsers.
  • Data tables use summary, th, id attributes, header attributes to indicate headers for data cells

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  • The first link in every document is "skip to content." The link will appear on focus when the user tabs to it. It is also viewable by assistive technologies and read by screen readers. The link skips directly to the main content of the page. When the site is viewed in a text-only browser, the 'skip to content' link becomes visible at the top of each page.
  • A link to the home page is available on each page through the U-M Kellogg Eye Center logo.
  • Many links have title attributes which describe the link in greater detail, unless the text of the link already fully describes the target.
  • Links are written to make sense out of context.
  • Link text is never duplicated. Two links on the same page with the same text always point to the same address.
  • Links do not open new windows.

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Help with Finding Content

Every page of this site features a search box in the left column to help you find key information in the site. Links to this accessibility statement, sitemap, and contact information statement, appear at the bottom of every page.

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To enhance user experience, this site utilizes a small amount of JavaScript. If you have disabled JavaScript, or your browser software does not fully support it, the site remains fully operable.

Flash videos and slideshows embedded using JavaScript are present on this website. If JavaScript is disabled or Flash is not installed on the user's computer, a visible, accessible HTML link is provided wherever there is an alternative to a Flash movie.

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All functional images used in this site include descriptive ALT tags. Purely decorative graphics are included as background images.

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  • This site uses a Cascading Style Sheet for visual layout.
  • Frames are not used on this website.
  • The stylesheet is written to display pages correctly in most commonly-used browsers. If your browser or browsing device does not support stylesheets at all, the content of each page is still readable.
  • The site uses relative font sizes. You can resize the text using your browser. This will not disrupt the page layout.
  • Foreground and background colors on this site have been selected to provide a proper level of contrast for ease of reading.
  • Throughout the site, color is never used as a sole means to convey information.

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PDF files

We are making an effort to minimize the number of files in PDF format on this site. Where they appear, they are accompanied by a link to the Adobe website, where free Adobe Reader software is available for download. This software now includes screen-reading functionality.

Work is underway to provide accessible pdf files on the Kellogg website or to convert these files to web pages.

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Moving Images and Text

None of our content includes blinking text or image, and nothing on this site will cause your screen to flicker. Animation has been kept to a minimum, and is generally illustrative of content already on the site. Where animation is more than illustrative, transcripts and audio files will be provided.

You will need Adobe Flash Player (version 8 or above) to view the multimedia presentations or video clips on this site. Text alternatives will be provided for all multimedia content. You can download the latest version from the Adobe Flash Player site.

Flash videos and slideshows embedded using JavaScript are present on this website. If JavaScript is disabled or Flash is not installed on the user's computer, a visible, accessible HTML link is provided wherever there is an alternative to a Flash movie.

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Accessibility References

  1. W3 accessibility guidelines, which explains the reasons behind each guideline.
  2. W3 accessibility techniques, which explains how to implement each guideline.
  3. W3 accessibility checklist, a busy developer's guide to accessibility.
  4. U.S. Federal Government Section 508 accessibility guidelines.

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Accessibility Resources

  1. Functional Accessibility Evaluator 1.1 analyzes web pages for markup that is consistent with the use of iCITA HTML Best Practices for the development of functionally accessible web resources.
  2. Web Accessbility Evaluation Tool was used to aid in the web accessibility evaluation process.
  3. Adobe BrowserLab is an online tool that allows you to view how different browsers (in different operating systems) render your web pages
  4. Success Criterion 1.4.3  of WCAG 2.0  requires the visual presentation of text and images of text has a contrast ratio  of at least 4.5:1; validated using Juicy Studio's Color Contrast Ratio Analyser

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Last Modified: Thursday, 28-Apr-2011 11:15:32 EDT